A Moral and Virtuous government; From the book, the 5000-year leap: Master Poe Strikes Again! Master P.O. Po Unleashed ! Are we the people of a moral and virtuous government? The Second Principle of Freedom: A free people cannot survive under a republican constitution if they are not virtuous and morally strong. We’ve come a long way, baby, ..in the opposite direction. mo·ral·i·ty ( məˈralədē/ ) noun principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior. synonyms: Ethics, rights and wrongs, ethicality More a particular system of values and principles of conduct, especially one held by a specified person or society. plural noun: moralities “a bourgeois morality” the extent to which an action is right or wrong. “behind all the arguments lies the issue of the morality of the possession of nuclear weapons” vir·tue ˈvərCHo͞o/ noun 1. behavior showing high moral standards. “paragons of virtue” 2. (in traditional Christian angelology) the seventh highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy. Po minces no words. OMG! Oh-My-God. No doubt in my mind the Founders were aware that such a tenant was already in peril, but to that time, they held steadfast with each successive office holder for the remainder of their lives. Oh, thou art a sinner. They also knew that to hold such traits, the person should be knowledgeable and experienced in the matters of state. They should know about their country’s recent past, its present, and be a good steward for the future. But, I am Poe, I mince no words, and so therefore, let me say that evil had been at work in this country long before the Declaration had come about. It also didn’t take long for the glaring absence of these traits as we moved forward. Today, and for almost as long as I’ve been alive, ALL of them are so absent of these traits it seems as though they wouldn’t know the meaning of the words. ( I put the definitions above for those people particularly). Today’s lot is without experience, without knowledge, without virtue, and morally corrupt. I don’t care if there’s nice, amiable people in the lot. I don’t want to have a beer with them. I want them to be good stewards of the people and of the country and of the protection of the people and the country. Every single one of them suck. I’m sure in their delusional world, they think they are great. They know what’s best for us all and they are a good judge of character. That’s why this will be the shortest lived empire ever and for all time. Without a virtuous body politic, and for that matter, a virtuous citizenry, there is no possibility of freedom as most think of it. We live in a world that, without abuse, can replenish and sustain itself. All life, animate, inanimate, plant and animal must harmonize with it. The Creator of this world, (let’s leave aliens out of it for now), made it so. Mature people must acquire such qualities as well, akin to the Golden Rule. The balance must be held in times of adversity and cooperation alike. Machiavelli, hailed by many teachers, politicians, and corporate types, is among the poisoned of virtue’s sustenance. He provides his own Golden Rule which states that competition has no virtue except for itself and is its own creator of reward. ‘The Prince,’ still practiced and praised is the short-term anecdote of a selfish person and nothing more. What has it created? It has created a world in which the wealthiest use their wealth to prevent the rest of the world from competing with them. They raise walls of false scenarios for good people to become corrupt, not wealthy. By doing so, these people diminish their own value. People survive if they follow the plan and execute it from day one until death. How ignorant and foolish that they should not wake up! The few own the politicians, the law, the institutions, the land, the assets and……………..you. Yes! You! But, everything is a state of mind and you can imagine you have freedom if you want. I heard this Molybdenum guy speaking about free markets as if they actually existed, like he says we still have in America and Canada. And, there he’s speaking with another alleged intellectual who gives all his analysis of free markets, blah, blah, blah. I could give a thousand examples of why free markets don’t exist, and haven’t existed since the days of the Robber Barons. All the above represent division, odds, and all by contrived means…purposely meant to create a people at odds with itself. A black man once said if you can’t love yourself, you can’t love anyone else. I would like to hear one of these Cultural Marxists explain to me how one people fighting for their culture is wrong while another fighting for their culture is right. They won’t do it because once they do, they know it’ll be easy to see who the real racists are. They are the arbiters of division and race. They are not virtuous. They are not moral. They learned the lie and they perpetuated the lie. The main tenant of communism is to upset the social structure. That has to be easy to see when you want to show murderers tolerance while you lambaste people who want to protect the nature of where they grew up, for themselves, for their community, for their children, and for their ancestors who helped make it so with their very blood. So, they run around and say ‘Nazi,’Nazi,’ while they claim to be anti-Fascists. First, these people do not even know what fascism is, (Nazis were not fascists). Second, they would have to buy the establishment line to believe it, which definitely doesn’t make them anti-stupid. Third, when they try to stifle different points-of-view, and it is quite easy to see they are doing it, they become the arbiters of the most blood-thirsty ideology ever invented; communism. Yah, yah, I’ve seen it; “While we support free speech…” No you don’t. The whole thing is people don’t have to listen or see the speech. You can advise that people don’t listen. BUT, once you say something like the above, you have dug your grave. Maybe not now, but you have not tried to get an accurate reading of history if you don’t think so. You have not read both sides of the story, or practiced the art of objectivity. It must be an art because I don’t many who use it, you know like educators, employers and anyone with two cents worth of power. But, wouldn’t that be a virtue? These ‘Antifa’ people are definitely backward. Stalin’s dream. Freedom can only exist if a people, not a person, a people have the moral capacity for self-government. That means they should be fair to one another and play by the mandates of “right conduct.” Such a standard was given with the Ten Commandments. It was a great start. The Founders did include references to religion in their speech because they knew this created a community of virtue. To select virtuous and moral people to represent them, the people must be virtuous themselves. A lot of people like bashing the church and saying what a hypocrite Jefferson was and so forth. Yes, he, and a lot of our origins were not the models of virtue, and did not pretend to be; it was something to strive for; it was the document itself….not the people who wrote it, get it? But work on your revisionism anyway, because I can say without doubt that historians and writers alike recounted the same things differently, meaning what is believable and what is not. We don’t know. We can only go by the way things are today, especially if you believe in heredity and DNA. From Richard Henry Lee: “I thank God that I have lived to see my country independent and free. She may long enjoy her independence and freedom if she will. It depends on her virtue.” From John Adams: “Our Constitution was made for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.” In other words, to preserve the closest thing we can get called freedom, we must be virtuous, respectful, ethical and moral. And speaking of ethical, and moral, how can a group of teenagers taunt a man while he drowns? Well, it happened just a few days ago. How far a fall is that? Now let’s take a look at our current representatives. So many people, not a one virtuous. Not a one of good moral character. Not a one that considers the “Golden Rule.” and they have emboldened all these “self-interested” groups against the Constitution with their lies and hypocrisy and deviance. They love the money. Here’s a “few” places where they get it. But by no means, no means whatsoever, does it list all the hidden stuff and there’s lots and lots and lots. They rewrite the Constitution every time they give a speech. They make promises and then don’t even bother with them when they are given the trust. They pay themselves more and can’t even consider giving a person health care or a living wage? That’s virtue? That’s morality? Deception is the Devil’s favorite tool. It plays out so much now, and on a grand corporate level, that it is absolutely SHOCKING. The only ones who don’t see it seem to be them. But I do not judge. I give my shot at honesty backed by plenty of observance. And when the same bad drama plays out….. We have one choice and we can enact it now or we are doomed. We must act the 2nd Principle of Freedom every day. We must fight for public elections at a month’s length at most….and put in the peoples’ candidates—not the hand-picked corporate selection. The people must act as one, legal people, and not disparate groups all trying to serve their own purposes. Any group that does that doesn’t know the Constitution at all. PERIOD.
Martin Luther was born in the town of Eisleben, in the duchy of Saxony of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation on November 10, 1483 to Hans and Margarethe Luther. Hans and Margarethe were of peasant stock, but Hans had amassed some income by investing in mining pursuits in the town of Mansfeld, where the Luther family moved shortly after Martin’s birth Humble origins. No one would have been able to foresee how Martin Luther’s insights would spur such courageous changes in the Christian Church, or how Martin Luther himself would be famous as the original Reformer of the new Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther’s Childhood Critics then and critics now. Hans and Margarethe were severe disciplinarians, but loving parents. Hans had fairly ambitious plans for his son, Martin. Instead of working in the mining trade, Hans was eager for his boy to become a lawyer and sent him away for the appropriate schooling for that purpose in 1488. He entered the Latin School at Mansfeld, where he received an impressive education in Latin, as well as a thorough religious education http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/martin-luther-92.php. At that time, of course, the Catholic Church, centered in Rome, enjoyed religious hegemony over most of Europe and Martin Luther received a thoroughly Catholic education. In 1497, Luther moved to a school run by a lay monastic order, the Brethren of the Common Life and enrolled in the University of Erfurt, a very prestigious university of the Empire at that time. He graduated first with a liberal arts degree and later, in 1505, with a master’s http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/martin-luther-92.php. The Thunderstorm Martin Luther seemed contented enough to follow his father’s plans for him to study law and become a lawyer ( there was big money in that even back in the early 1500’s) until it started to rain. The rain in July of 1505 became a violent thunderstorm during which he cried out in terror for help from St. Anna, promising to become a monk should he be allowed to live through this ordeal. He entered the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt a few days later, keeping his vow and infuriating his father. The Religious Life He seems to have had some inward calling beyond that momentary fear, as he developed a heavy consciousness of his own sin and did everything he could think of to do to placate God, Who he seems to have regarded as a harsh taskmaster The Lord, the Taskmaster. Martin Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He earned a few more degrees ( one in 1508, a bachelor’s of Biblical Studies and another one in 1509 in relation to Peter Lombard’s ” Sentences”) and took a trip to Rome in 1510. When In Rome, Do as the Germans Do.. The leader of Luther’s Order, Johann von Staupitz, sent Luther as part of a delegation to the city of Rome for a papal ruling on a disagreement between the more strict Augustinians ( whose cause Staupitz championed) and those who were more lax. Staupitz wanted to united the monasteries in observance and he sent Luther on foot with a friend to get a papal ruling. Luther departed for Rome with great anticipation, eager to get to ” the city of martyrs,” say Mass in the Holy City and make a full confession to a brother priest. Luther was dreadfully disappointed. The worldliness and spiritual rot he found in the city disillusioned him and the man he was to meet and try to resolve the Augustinian case was completely uninterested in the case. The opulence and luxury that these ” Princes of the Church” enjoyed while regular believers existed in squalor was duly noted by Luther. In Rome, Luther lost confidence in Roman institutions Reformation Timeline.. Teacher of the New University of Wittenberg When Luther returned to Erfurt after his failure in Rome, it was decided by his superiors to transfer him to the Augustinian monastery in Wittenberg, where he would be directly under the authority of Johann von Staupitz, who became Luther’s Father- Confessor and confidante. Staupitz persuaded the Saxon Elector, Frederick the Wise, to sponsor Luther so he could earn his Doctorate of Theology and take his place among the faculty of the new Wittenberg University, sanctioned by both the Holy Roman Emperor and Pope Julius II. Martin Luther’s role was to be that of a professor of Biblical Studies ( which would, incidentally involve his making vows of fidelity to truth of the Scriptures and rejection of false doctrine. We’ll see how that plays out) …moved by Rome.. Lecturer Luther found himself in a position of authority, not only as Vicar-General of the Augustinian Monastery, but also as a lecturer of Biblical Studies. Luther started with the book of Psalms, went on to Paul’s Epistle to the Romans and then he tackled Paul’s Letter to the Galatians and the Book of Hebrews. His theology developed with his studies. As the Controversy over Indulgences developed, Luther found himself in the dead center of the theological melee Controversy. ” Indulge Me, Church!” Indulgences essentially developed as an offshoot of the concept of ” saintly merit.” This means that Jesus, Mary and the saints did so much good, that they left a certain ” treasury” of good works in the hands of the Roman Catholic Church, to be doled out by Church officials as needed. As this thought grew, so also did the concept of Purgatory, a place where the dead would be thoroughly purified for their final salvation in Heaven. Time in Purgatory would also be diminished for those who were already dead via the usage of Indulgences. These Indulgences were actually put up for sale, to be bought in return for forgiveness.. either forgiveness for the purchaser, or forgiveness for a departed loved one languishing in Purgatory Got reputation?. html, http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his101/web/37luther.htm. Johann Tetzel Johann Tetzel was a pretty good Indulgence salesman. He put all kinds of high drama in his shtick regarding how much dead relatives needed the help and finances of the living to get out of Purgatory and how efficacious Indulgences were for sinners on earth. So, salvation became a financial matter for those who were fairly uninformed and Martin Luther observed these proceedings with no small amount of disgust http://www.aloha.net/~mikesch/tetzel.htm and after awhile, he had some questions about the sales of Indulgences and indeed, much of the practice of the medieval Catholic Church which he put to paper and then nailed to a door on All Saints October 31,1517Halloweeny . 95 Theses and the Printing Press Martin Luther was alive at just the right time for his ideas to be carefully copied and redistributed in Latin and German throughout the Holy Roman Empire. That’s what happened with his list of debate topics, thanks to Gutenberg’s Printing Press, Luther’s ideas gained quite a lot of publicity and traction, as several Germans and others noted that much of Europe’s wealth was being funneled South of the Alps Washington Post Opine. This money was being funneled South because the current Pope, Leo X of the House of Medici, was involved in a building project involving the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica in RomeTheo-Pedia thesis? and Tetzel was appointed by the Archbishop of Mainz to sell Indulgences to finance that project. Martin Luther not only questioned the concept of Indulgences in his Theses, but also the right of the pope to claim excessive spiritual powers that Scripture attributed to Christ alone. This led to a disputation between the Dominican friar, Johann Eck, on the side of Rome and Andreas Karlstadt and Martin Luther, on the side of the Reformers, in 1519. Leipzig Debate This debate began ( as so many debates at the time did) with letters being sent back and forth, as Johann Eck challenged Luther’s points and Luther’s ally, Karlstadt, defended them. After a couple of months of this, Duke George of Saxony consented to host a debate between Eck, Karlstadt and Luther in the city of Leipzig. At this point, some central tenets of the Catholic Church were being seriously examined in the light of Renaissance scholarship and Martin Luther was coming up with some rather surprising conclusions. Karlstadt and Eck debated basic concepts of God’s grace and humanity’s free will, while later on, Eck and Luther debated Church authority. The upshot of this debate was a solidly Protestant conviction that the Scriptures were inerrant, but councils, popes and decrees were not. Scriptures were to be regarded as having supreme authorityReformation timeline continued…. Eck compared Luther’s doctrine to that of a Czech proto- Reformer, Jan Hus, who offered much the same arguments about a century before Luther and his Reformation. Luther did not argue this and in fact declared that ” we are all Hussites” Lutherian Life. Luther’s Excommunication and his Response Pope Leo X wrote out the Bull Exsurge Domine in 1520, demanding that Martin Luther recant his teachings and threatening him with excommunication if he would not recant his teachings within sixty days of the Bull’s publication in Saxony. He sent Johann Eck to publish the bull in Saxony and the Low Countries. His document was not well received and in fact, Eck had to flee to a cloister War of Words. Luther actually burned a copy of Leo’s Bull and wrote a response entitled ” Against the Execrable Bull of the Antichrist” Ex-communication, condemning Eck and those associated with him http://www.dionneblog.com/martin-luthers-response-to-his-excommunication-by-pope-leo-x/. In 1521, Martin Luther was excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church and declared a heretic. A few months later, he would be summoned to the Diet of Worms This, my friends, speaks for itself, but not the many great outdoorsmen.. The Diet of Worms The Diet of Worms was where the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, held court and where Martin Luther would be given a final chance to recant his teachings before being declared a wanted outlaw by the secular authorities. Luther had become enormously popular in Germany at this time and he had powerful protectors. By this time, he had an ally in the noted scholar Philip Melanchthon who was quite a speaker and advocate for reform in his own right. Luther had published several books by this time and had established his reputation as quite a Reformer of the Church. Ironically, he was asked by a representative of the Catholic Church to recant those works. Luther wanted a day to consider the request and the Emperor granted him that day. When Luther came back the following day, he refused ( in flowery language) to recant anything and he was granted safe conduct back to Wittenberg. On the way home, he was ” abducted” by his allies and hidden away in Wartburg castle Diet of Worms. Junker Georg and the New Testament Luther called himself ” Junker Georg” and grew his hair and beard out. He also translated the New Testament from Greek into German during the period of 1521 and 1522. He would, with Philip Melanchthon’s help, wind up translating the entire Bible into German by 1534 http://www.luther.de/en/wartburg.html. In 1522, after learning that Andreas Karlstadt had been influenced by more radical elements of the Reformation, Luther returned to Wittenberg to reestablish his control and steady the movement that had evolved back to his moderate vision. He had also instituted minor adjustments to the Divine Service by 1524 http://www.luther.de/en/bauernk.html. The Peasants’ War ( 1524- 1525) Martin Luther’s ideas were eagerly seized upon by many people in Germany and many peasants saw these teachings as their chance to get out from under the thumb of the nobility ( on whose goodwill Luther’s life depended). Hans Mueller and his ” Evangelical Brotherhood” swore to emancipate the peasants of Germany, by fair means or foul. in fact, this movement became quite violent and Martin Luther, at first sympathetic to their cause, became implacably opposed to it as he saw the violence rise. At last, Luther urged the rulers to ruthlessly put down the rebellion with fire and sword, which they proceeded to do, making the peasants’ lot more wretched than ever it was before Church History. This Reformer wanted to reform the Church, but as could be seen from his writings, his interest was in preserving the existing political climate as divinely ordained. The Augsburg Confession Emperor Charles V had been otherwise occupied with wars and political intrigue while Lutheranism was making its way across the Northern European plain, but in 1530, he was able to turn his attentions to the religious controversies that were effecting his Empire. He called an Imperial Diet in the city of Augsburg to resolve these issues and to learn more about the beliefs of these ” Lutherans” and the Reformer who so inspired them. Martin Luther himself was in hiding, of course, but Philip Melanchthon and Lutheran supporters were able, with Luther’s help, to prepare and draft twenty- eight articles detailing their beliefs and practices. These they presented to the Emperor on June 23, 1530. In August of that same year, the Roman Catholics prepared a Confutation that rejected many core tenets of Lutheranism and encouraged the Lutherans to prepare an Apology ( a Defense) of the Augsburg Confession, written by Philip Melanchthon, with the approval of Luther, in 1531 Augsburg Confession. Martin Luther’s Controversies The Reformation that Martin Luther inspired was not without precedent, as the Hussites and Waldensians had enacted their own Reforming movements long before 1517Hussites, Ancestory/History. During his lifetime, Luther had to write extensively against the ideas promulgated by Ulrich Zwingli ( 1484- 1531) and Thomas Muntzer’s Anabaptists http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ulrich_Zwingli, http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Thomas_M%C3%BCntzer, as well as his own objections to Medieval Romanist practice of his time. Luther married Katharine von Bora in 1525 and by all accounts, he had a loving marriage. They had six children and Katharine was an eminently sensible partner for Martin Luther, keeping his cellar stocked with beer and entertaining his students when they would gather around and listen to Luther’s ” table talk ” http://www.visit-luther.com/reformation-heroes/katharina-von-bora/katharina-von-bora.html. , http://www.gutenberg.org/files/9841/9841-h/9841-h.htm. Martin Luther’s Death Luther taught and preached until the end of his life. As he got older, his physical ailments worsened and just before he died, he was summoned to settle a dispute in Eisleben, which he did successfully. He was too weak to return to Wittenberg and he died in Eisleben, on February 18, 1546. His body was publicly displayed for two days in Eisleben, then transported back to Wittenberg, where he was laid to rest in the Castle Church, his funeral oration delivered by Johannes Bugenhagen.